History Mexico

  • Benito Juarez 1858 - 1872

    With half territory lost, the National Treasury looted by a dictator, foreign debt to its limit and the army dismembered, in the middle of the 19th century Mexico was a devastated homeland for its inhabitants and an easy target for international impe

  • Conquest of Mexico

    Around 1518, the land where today Mexico stands was occupied by many indigenous nations, some more civilized than others.

  • Emiliano Zapata

    A recurrent action during Porfirio Diaz's government was the expropriation of people´s land by local governments. Natives didn't have right of word in any matter and they were simply displaced. One fine day in Anenecuilco, Morelos, one of these Nativ

  • Hernan Cortez

    At the end of the 15th century, under Charles V, Spain was a thriving kingdom in which its inhabitants had a brand new national pride, for having recovered completely their territory from the hands of Arabian sultans.

  • Independence of Mexico

    After almost three centuries of colonialism, freedom winds began to blow throughout the Americas at the end of the 18th century with the United States of America Independence Revolution.

  • Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon

    After taking control on the cities of Guanajuato, Celaya y Valladolid, Hidalgo and his candid but numerous army took a break in the city of Charo, in October, 1810. Later on, when they were about to leave, a Catholic priest of mixed race approached h

  • Lazaro Cardenas 1934 - 1940

    Lazaro Cardenas was born in the state of Michoacan in a lower middle class family and he became their only economic support after his father death when he was 16, which forced him to drop school as well.

  • Mexican Revolution

    During 34 years of Porfirio Diaz's dictatorship there were many coups d'état that were easily subdued by the army. At the beginning of the 20th century the regime opposition had achieved to organize what was called the Liberal Clubs, which promoted s

  • Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

    With the Contra-Reform and inquisition in full function in South Europe, at the end of the 18th century, the Spanish colonies customs were meticulous.

  • Moctezuma II and the Aztecs

    Anahuac is the name of the region where the Aztec or Nahua Empire first flourished. Its center was the city of Tenochtitlan, that was ruled by Huey Tlatoani or The Great Speaker, equivalent to the western title of emperor. When the Spanish conquerors

  • Origin of the Aztecs

    During the 13th century A.D., a rather barbarian migrating tribe from the northwest side of today's Mexico, arrived to the central valley with the purpose to settle on these marshy lands. Aztecs, according to legends, came from an island called Az

  • Pacification

    Villa commanding his Division del Norte, and Carranza with his army easily defeated Huerta who fled to exile. Once the head of government, Carranza didn't want to recognize the Division del Norte as an official army neither Villa as a General thus th

  • Pancho Villa

    Doroteo Arango was born in the State of Durango. He grew up raw without much education and he started working when he was a boy in order to help his family´s economy. As a teenager he went to Chihuahua to work, but he had to return right after to fac

  • Presidents of Mexico: 1822 till 2012

    Mexican history is often a romantic matter for many historians and often they dedicate many pages depicting pre-Hispanic and colonial times, ignoring completely the vertiginous and even chaotic modern history of Mexico.

  • Sacrifices for the Aztec God Huitzilopochtli

    Bernal Diaz del Castillo describes the deep impression a Catholic, Cortez' soldier could have had as he witnessed the rituals that native people performed before his eyes. Aztecs created and used an advanced culture; they had a complex and well educa

  • Shaping Mexico

    The unstable situation of the Spanish Crown around 1820 led some Royalists in New Spain to reconsider their position towards the civil war in the colony.

  • The Aztec Civilization

    The Aztec civilization created an empire in central Mexico between the 14th and 16th century. This empire was destroyed by the Spanish conquerors and most of their civilization was lost. Their history has to be depicted with blood sacrifices, wars, a

  • The Fall of Aztec Empire

    The Aztec civilization lasted until the conquest of Tenochtitlan by the Spaniards took place in 1521. The Aztec Empire ruled from the beginning of the 14th Century and its control extended from the Valley of Mexico to Guatemala. It has been establis

  • The Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl

    Before consolidating as a strong empire, Aztecs learned important aspects from their neighbors, like worshiping god Quetzalcoatl. They had a primitive religion and their rituals included human sacrifices to Huitzilopochtli, bloodthirsty god associate

  • The Porfiriate

    Who would have imagined that within the loyal and liberal Juarez's there was a future dictator? Controversial Porfirio Díaz was an important liberal activist that opposed Santa Anna´s dictatorshiphimself. He joined Juarez´s army during the Reform War